The reputation of the UAE substantially precedes the start of the Union of 7 (Abu Dhabi, Fujairah, Ajman, Sharjah, Dubai, Umm Al Quwain and Ras Al Khaimah) and also the development of the United Arab Emirates. Nevertheless, the Emirates’ union was a turning point in the story of the Trucial Coast region. The achievements of the Union provided the United Arab Emirates the rightful place of its in the global society as a contemporary state.
In reality, the UAE features a rich heritage and culture as evidenced by many scientific studies based on ancient artifacts and documents found in this land. Lots of national plus overseas exploration expeditions in the UAE from 1958 up till now – have place light on the civilization of the individuals of this particular area since the conclusion of the 4th Millennium BC. folks were living in this specific area during periods much earlier than that based on findings of archaeologists that have explored archaeological sites close to the town of Al Ain that date to the Neolithic Period.
Along with its our society and heritage, the Gulf region enjoyed a strategic geographical location too. Thus, conflicts, to grab control of India and also the Gulf region, broke out between the European powers (Portuguese, British and french) after the 16th century. The aim of theirs would be to manage the maritime industry. On the flip side, local and regional forces emerged to protect the rights of theirs and the homeland of theirs.
The Portuguese had been the initial to inflict havoc across the Arabian Gulf, led by such commanders as da Albuquerque and Gama, and accompanied by others, who’ve committed heinous massacres against the Arabs and Muslims and destroyed Muscat and Khor Fakkan. Portuguese colonialization of the Arabian Gulf carried on for nearly all of the 16th century. Then the stranglehold of theirs was damaged by the opposition of the individuals of the competition and also the area between the Dutch, French and british powers to grab control of the seas in Orient. The development of the East India Company, that had been created in 1617, made it possible for Britain to expel the Portuguese out of the area in 1625, and place them from competition entirely in 1766.
In the start of the 19th century, 2 Arab powers emerged in the area. The very first was the Bani Yas tribe, that controlled the reduced Arabian Gulf (Abu Dhabi and Dubai), and the next was Al Qawasim tribe with the capital of its in Ras Al Khaimah. Al Qawasim established an amazing maritime energy by that they could battle the British ships and fleets in the Arabian Gulf and further afield in the Indian Ocean.
The Gulf Region remained under the command of the British that based the policy of theirs on 3 impractical premises: The battle against the pirates, the fight against the slave trade as well as the fight against trade. In reality, these justifications had been utilized by Britain as smokescreen for the colonial expansionist policies of its. Britain carried on to manage the area by numerous means, unless it realized in 1820 a treaty with the sheikhs of the Oman Coast, that provided the existence of its an authorized treaty basis. By signing the treaty, the British known as the western shoreline of the Gulf the Trucial Coast.