The Civilization on the United Arab Emirates
A nation which doesn’t recognize its past and doesn’t record will neither have the ability to handle its existing or shape its future. This was stressed through the founding leader, Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, as he stated, “A nation that understands not its past has neither an existing or a future”. We, within the United Arab Emirates, “are not an incidental country in history” as reported by His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, UAE Vice President, Prime Ruler and Minister of Dubai. The reputation of our homeland spans almost 7000 years as confirmed by the inscriptions, illustrations and also archaeological finds uncovered by overseas missions during the time from the first 19 fifties to the current day. The historic times of UAE could be split as follows:
UAE Civilization within Prehistoric Times:
Firstly, UAE Civilization within Prehistoric Times: Archaeological excavations started inside the United Arab Emirates with the finding of the tombs of Umm al Nar in Abu Dhabi which had a huge effect in unveiling the UAE deep rooted history. The different archaeological finds with this island bear experience on the early civilizations which flourished in the area to get a significant time, beginning from possibly the Paleolithic or maybe Neolithic Ages (6000 B.C. – 3500 B.C.) as much as the conclusion on the Iron Age (1300 B.C. – 300 B.C.). The results show the following:
1. UAE Civilization within the Neolithic Age (6000 B.C. – 3500 B.C.)
The very first proof of this particular era was the man settlement in the UAE area. Remains of Bedouin communities have been found. These communities followed on fishing and also gathering plant. There was in addition many mass graves within Jebel Al Buhais in Sharjah as well as spearheads and tools in Marawah and Dalma destinations in Abu Dhabi.
This era was recognized by the growth of pottery, as confirmed by the many finds in Sharjah, Umm al Quwain, Ras al Abu and Khaimah Dhabi. It’s thought that such finds date back to what was known as the Ubaid period, with the Neolithic Age, as well as goes back on the sixth millennium B.C.
2. UAE Civilization within the Bronze Age (3200 B.C. – 1300 B.C.)
This Age is split into 3 periods:
A – Jebel Hafeet Period
This period stretches as a result of 3200 B.C. to 2500 B.C. plus was so called, due to the tombs present in Jebel Hafeet close to the Al Ain location within the Emirate of Abu Dhabi.
This period coincides with all the booming copper industry. A large number of hive-shaped and small tombs have been found in that area. Spoils of an enormous farming settlement have been found inside the Al Ain region, hinting that individuals earned a living from cultivating corn as well as wheat crops.
The most crucial ruins found because of this era would be the mass graves as well as the early settlements at The Hili and jebel Hafeet location within Al Ain, Abu Dhabi, and the mass graves within Jebel Emalah near Al Dhaid location in Sharjah.
B – Umm al Nar Period
This period stretches as a result of 2500 B.C. to 2000 B.C. It was named as a result after the finding of the damages on Umm al Nar Island in Abu Dhabi within the mid Nineteen Fifties.
About forty mounds, many round tombs and many mass graves were found in the Umm al Nar websites. Near these tombs, damages were also discovered of a settlement with stone homes and also stone utensils like funeral tools. Additional instruments, used in food preparation, were also discovered. These give proof that these houses date to the identical time of the tombs.
Archaeological missions discovered a home which had 7 rectangular rooms. Pottery fragments of Red utensils, bones of cattle, fish, camels and turtles in addition copper equipment were also discovered. These artifacts show exactly how the individuals of that time period have been reliant on fishing.
The Umm al Nar time represented the apex on the Bronze Age our society as it established sound trade links together with the Mesopotamian civilization as well as Harappan Civilization within the Indus Valley (now Pakistan). Its mass tombs are made, circular, and large of stone. You will find much more than 200 graveyards belonging to that particular time in various regions of the UAE.
Archaeological missions learned damages, like anyone of Umm Al Nar, within the Northern Emirates like Al Muwaihat in Ajman, Alabrak in Umm al Quwain, Bidya in Fujairah, Kalba in Shamil and Sharjah in Ras al Khaimah.
C – Wadi Suq Period
This period stretches as a result of 2000 B.C. to 1300 B.C. plus was named after among the websites within Wadi Suq, in between The Omani and al Ain coast. Probably the most important archaeological discoveries in this particular time period are a few tombs, spearheads, pots and silver and gold jewelry of Shamil found Ras al Khaimah, Jebel and Khorfakkan al Buhais in Sharjah as well as Al Qusais found Dubai.
These finds suggest that such an our society saw setbacks within this period, perhaps because of strong climatic changes or even towards the conclusion of the copper swap with Mesopotamia.
D – UAE Civilization within the Iron Age (1300 B.C. – 300 B.C.)
This era stretches as a result of 1300 B.C. to 300 B.C. The archaeological finds present us the UAE area during this particular Age was with the apex of its civilization and prosperity. It was recognized by the launch of falaj irrigation systems which allowed the removal of groundwater for constant cultivation within the dry weather. This time period saw the very first look of writing. You will find twenty four archaeological sites belonging to this Age within the UAE.
Probably the most crucial archaeological discoveries of this particular Age are villages that utilized falaj watering system in the aspects of Qarn and Rumaila bint Saud in Al Ain, Abu Dhabi, Umm Safat and Althegaibah in Sharjah, and also the big, fortified settlements in Muwaileh and also Tell Abraq in Umm al Sharjah and Quwain.